Rudder Pedals Effectiveness

  1. Connect Saitek Rudder Pedals to USB
  2. Start FSX-SE in default flight @ KLFI with a stock aircraft
  3. Check if you don’t have any assignments for this aircraft in FSUIPC4; if so, clear them.
  4. Open Options-Setting-Controls and select in Controller Type: Saitek Pro Flight Rudder Pedalsrudderpedals01
  5. This is what you get: [Sensitivity 127;127;64-Null Zone 1;1;36].
    rudderpedals02 If you have other values, press Reset Defaults.
  6. First to calibrate the hardware:
    press Calibrate and select in the popup Game Controllers the Properties of your Pedals. if you don’t touch the merchandise…this is what you see:
  7. When moving the left toe, the plus sign moves from the upper left corner to the upper right corner; the right toe moves from upper left towards lower left corner.
    Move the rudder, full left and right.
  8. rudderpedals03Now to calibrate press the button Calibrate in the Settings tab and press Next in the Game Device Calibration popup screen.
  9. Next again, because there is no button to push…
  10. Press your left toe and the right toe in full and press Next – Next.
  11. Move the rudder from the center towards fully left and right;
    press Next and Finish.
  12. You get back to the Test tab; press Apply and OK + OK.
  13. Y’re back at the  Settings-Controls page and select the Axis tab where you check the reverse checkboxes from both toe brakes.
  14. When you have a joystick attached, delete the rudder assignment (by preference).
  15. SAVE the flight ! Otherwise the next time it restores the default values. You may want to export (and later import) the settings via the Axes tab > Export Controls.
  16. Now do the test ride. This is about the rudder effectiveness.
  17. Load the flight. ..Slowly move your aircraft taxiing on the runway an “feel” how it reacts. Takeoff.
  18. Since the effectiveness is directly linked to the aircraf, you wil find the statements in the section [flight_tuning] from the aircraft involved.
  19. Rudder Pedals need best to be optimized for each type of aircraft where you can store the setings in a aircraft specific xml file.
  20. Sample aircraft used: ../SimObjects/Airplanes/Carenado A36 BONANZA /
  21. Aircraft.cfg like:
cruise_lift_scalar =1.0
pitch_stability =1.0 
roll_stability =1.0
yaw_stability =1.0
parasite_drag_scalar =1.0
induced_drag_scalar =1.0
elevator_effectiveness =1.0
aileron_effectiveness =1.0
rudder_effectiveness =1.0
elevator_trim_effectiveness =1.0
aileron_trim_effectiveness =1.0 
rudder_trim_effectiveness =1.0 
hi_alpha_on_yaw = 1.0 
p_factor_on_yaw = 0.5 
torque_on_roll = 0.5 
gyro_precession_on_yaw = 0.5 
gyro_precession_on_pitch = 0.5 
gyro_precession_on_roll = 0.5

!! Before you make any changes to this aircraft.cfg, 
make a copy before you go and register the changes !!

Spoiler Axes: How To Configure

Hello Captains,

in the category FAQ this week a sample of How To Configure Spoiler Axes. There are 2 possibilities: (a) with the Controller in FSX-SE and (b) with the Add-on FSUIPC4.

(a) How To Configure Spoiler Axes with the Controller in FSX-SE.

This sample is the simplest configuration. Will always work and shows also the %-levels of the extended spoilers. Assuming you have a Saitek Throttle Quadrant…

  1. Start FSX-Se in Free flight with aircraft Learjet45
  1. Go to Options-Settings-Controls and tab CONTROL AXES
  2. Select Controller type: Saitek Pro Flight Throttle Quadrant
  3. Select in the Assignment list the line Engine 1 throttle axis
  4. Press the button Change Assignment… and move the middle slider on the TQ
  5. You will see the Y-axis assigned
  6. Repeat for the line Engine 2 throttle axis for the right slider to get the Z-axis
  7. Scroll down to the line Spoiler Axis and assign the left slider AND check-mark Reverse.

    (Depending on the chosen aircraft uncheck Reverse)
  8. If you see any other line assigned in the Axis list, just press Delete Joystick Assignment.
  9. Close with OK
  10. Get in the plane @ Cockpit view and watch the position on your TQ vs the position of the spoilers in the EICAS

Done! This is the most simple way to configure the spoilers.

Preparations for assignment of a spoiler axis with FSUIPC4.

You can visualize the values of the axis position with FSUIPC by showing them on the Tile bar. This is how it works.

Open FSUIPC and select tab Logging. Fill the Offset 0BD0 Type 32, checkmark FS Title Bar and close with OK

This is what you get:

Axis values in FSUIPC4
Position Status           0bd0(S32) RAW   Value
100%     0=Retracted      0         0     +16383
75%      1=AUTOSPLR ARMED 4800      64    +8192
50%      2=               8520      128     0
25%      3=               12850     192   -8192
0%       4=Full           16322     255   -16383

(b) How To Configure A Spoiler Axes with FSUIPC4.

Method 1: without Reverse!

Method 2 with Reverse

Send the Spoilers direct to FSUIPC Calibration and dont forget to check-mark the Reverse.

Multi Panel


There’s not much to explain about autopilot section of the Multi Panel.
Select a position from ALT-VS-IAS-HDG-CRS using the Mode Selector.
Change the value of the selected function with the rotary knob.
Use the backlit buttons to engage/disengage the autopilot mode you need.

Acceleration value of the Rotary knob.
Best results are achieved fine tuning the rotary knob acceleration values. Each mode (ALT, VS, IAS, HDG and CRS) has its own acceleration value.
Try by yourself the best values that suite your needs. Consider, as a starting point, that ALT and IAS normally work better with a certain amount of acceleration.
VS works better without acceleration.

Pay attention to Auto Throttle. Multi Panel AT switch is not spring loaded, so it stays on the last position regardless the simulator has disengaged it.

Flaps steps are automatic and set by the aircraft is use. If you need you can reverse the flaps.

Note: since this is a wheel, it suggests that the function is like an axis. However it is a switch function, so whenever you start to experiment wit FSUIPC4 this will not work with the axes in FSUIPC.
The Pitch Trim wheel is the Multi Panel most valueable feature. With a good setup you can achieve a very realistic and comfortable pitch trim wheel.
Default Saitek driver lacks in sensitivity, so it’s impossible to set the trim very precisely.
SPAD let you set wheel sensitivity and acceleration, sensitivity is the single step trim value. The higher the sensitivity the smaller the single step.
Set trim sensitivity and acceleration to best suite your needs, consider that fast jet planes (like military fighters) work better with lower sensitivity and medium-high acceleration. Small single prop GA aircrafts like higher sensitivity and medium acceleration. Your mileage may vary.

Every switch, button or rotary knob is configurable. Every panel, even of the same type, has its own configuration, so it’s possible to setup different function to the same button of different panel.

Possible functions are:

  1. No Event: ‘No Event’ should be self explanatory. By default the panel functions selectors are set to ‘No Event’. 
  2. FSUIPC Offset Change: ‘FSUIPC Offset Change’ means that Spad internal logic is used to manage the given function. Spad writes directly into Flight Simulator using FSUIPC. 
  3. FSUIPC Virtual Button: ‘FSUIPC Virtual Button’ is a particular feature offered by FSUIPC. Basically it’s a virtual joystick buttons management. Pros of this function are the high number of buttons available (288) and the ability to work even if Flight Simulator application has not the focus on it. Cons is the speed. If you need to map rotary knobs functions the best way is to use keyboard emulation which is much faster. FSUIPC Virtual button requires the registered version of FSUIPC. 
  4. Keyboard Emulation: ‘Keyboard Emulation’ is all about sending keystrokes to Flight Simulator. Pay attention, if Flight Simulator is not the active application (in example if you are working with your charts) this function will not work.

FSUIPC Virtual Buttons and Keyboard Emulation require the proper setup into Flight Simulator.

One of the best ways to integrate function not mapped on short keys or FSUIPC action is to use Mouse Macros.
Please refer to FSUIPC documentation to learn how to use Mouse Macros.

To use a virtual button simply select the virtual joystick number and the related virtual button number.

These numbers coincide with the ones you can find in FSUIPC interface.

Use “Send button to Flight Sim” for quick data entry programming FSUIPC.

To program keyboard emulation key click get keys and follow the guide prompted in the popup window:


The Maddog has no customizable options. When Maddog Special Mode is active please use only your Multipanel to set Heading, Course, Altitude, IAS and Vertical Speed.

NAV1 and NAV2 Radio Panel mode is also tweaked when Special Mode is active to emulate MD-8x Nav radios (no active/standby switch).

Activating the Maddog Special Mode any setting applied to the Multipanel are overridden with exceptions for the flaps and the trim wheel.

This is the function mapping:


PMDG Boeing 737 NGX
The NGX is a much more sophisticated “Special Mode” offering room for many customizations.

It’s possible to assign any 737 MCP button to each Multipanel button, so you can choose the most useful MCP functions you need.

Using both Short and Long-Click it’s possible to map 16 MCP buttons to the Multipanel.
Buttons backlit is linked to the function bound with Short-Click, so take care to choose short-click for those function where backlit is needed.

Course 1 or 2 is also selectable; this is useful if you own more Multipanels.

Acceleration sliders has different effects using the NGX Special Mode, the NGX manage the increments by itself, so a kind of acceleration in already embedded and, as far as we know, it’s not customizable.

Finally, consider that when the NGX Special Mode is active all functions are still overridable!

So be sure that “FSUIPC Offset Change” is set for each Multipanel function (unless you’re searching some special setup).

For example: using a yoke quadrant lever for the flaps frees the Multipanel flap switch for other functions (may be the landing light bar ?).
Same consideration is valid for the trim wheel, which could be used for the V/S MCP wheel as well).

For other specific SPAD Multi Panel Configuration settings read one of the articles.


Connecting USB devices

You must connect the Saitek modules to on board USB.: Radio Panel(s), Switch Panel and Multi Panel. All other: TPM, TQ, Trim wheel can be connected to the USB positions of the Yoke.

Check in the device manager if the Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power checkbox is UNCHECKED ! …and check ALL the HID interfaces.



Using profiles you can bind specific settings for each aircraft you use. When Spad is running for the first time, only 1 profile is available called “Default”.
Profiles are managed directly from this main window:

Press the button Manage Profiles.
Here you can add the profiles you need and bind your aircraft to the correct profile double clicking the desired aircraft.

Aircraft cannot be added to the list since the list is populated automatically when a new aircraft is used in Flight Simulator.

If the option “When a new aircraft is detected …ask for a profile to bind” is selected, you’ll be prompted every time a new aircraft is loaded for the first time.
In this window you can select an existing profile or type in a brand new profile name.

If a new profile is selected it will be filled with default values. The next time this aircraft is used the profile will be selected automatically. You can set the current profile from the main SPAD window as well.

In the beginning…there is one -default- profile which is shown in the Profiles List. Next to the Profiles tab, you will find the detected aircraft with an overview in the Aircraft List. When you single left click subsequently on the aircraft, you can read the profile that is assigned to this aircraft.

When you double click an aircraft you can change the link to its profile. When there is only the default profile you must make a profile before you can attach an aircraft to it.

So, back to the previous window and select Add new Profile which profile name must be inserted in the pop-up window. Close with OK, the new profile will be listed. Now go back to the Aircraft tab, double click your Cessna and attach it to the profile as required.
Note: no spaces or special characters!


If you want to bind a PMDG NGX to a (new) profile, set the radio bullet to PMDG NGX and press Add new Profile in the SPAD Profile Configuration window. After that action you can address the functions in the Multi Panel Configuration window.